Runs of premature atrial complexes ( PACs ) are common in stroke patients and perceived to be clinically insignificant, but their prognostic significance is unclear.
A study has investigated the association between runs of PACs in ischemic stroke patients and the risk of recurrent ischemic strokes/transient ischemic attacks ( TIAs ) or death.
The study included consecutive patients admitted with an ischemic stroke from August 2008 to April 2011. Patients with known and newly detected atrial fibrillation were excluded.
Runs of PACs were defined as 3 or more PACs lasting less than 30 seconds during 48 hours of continuous inpatient cardiac telemetry.
The patients were followed for 4 years or until death, whichever came first. They were stratified according to stroke severity. The combined primary endpoint was a recurrent ischemic stroke / TIA or death.
Of the 565 patients included in the study, 28% had runs of PACs. Patients with runs of PACs were likely to be older, female, and to have experienced more severe strokes.
During the follow-up, 210 ( 37% ) patients had a recurrent ischemic stroke / TIA ( n = 73 ) or died ( n = 137 ) respectively.
Among the 489 patients who had mild-to-moderate strokes, runs of PACs were associated with recurrent ischemic strokes / TIAs or death ( hazard ratio, HR = 1.47; 95% CI 1.06-2.04; P =0 .023 ).
In conclusion, runs of PACs were frequent in patients with acute ischemic strokes and sinus rhythm, and they were independently associated with an increased risk of recurrent ischemic strokes / TIAs or death in patients with mild-to-moderate strokes. ( Xagena )
Vinther KH et al, J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2016; Epub ahead of print